Silver Book reference

Older Americans 2010: Key Indicators of Well-Being

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    • Growth of 65 and older population between 2000 and 2030
      The 65 and older population is project to be twice as large in 2030 as in 2000, growing from 35 million to 72 million; almost 20% of the U.S. population  
    • In 2007, two-thirds of individuals age 65 and older who had limitation in instrumental activities of daily living received personal assistance.    
    • In 2006, health care costs for Medicare enrollees age 65 and older were: 25% for inpatient hospital care 16% for prescription drugs 35% for physician/outpatient services 13% for long-term care facilities  
    • In 2007, the number of home health care visits was 3,409 per 1,000 Medicare enrollees.  
    • In 2005, the number of physician visits was 13,914 per 1,000 Medicare enrollees.  
    • Between 1992 and 2007 skilled nursing facility stays increased from 28 to 81 stays per 1,000 Medicare enrollees.  
    • The hospitalization rate in 2007 was 336 stays per 1,000 Medicare enrollees.  
    • The average lenth of a hospital stay in 2007 was 5.6 days.  
    • In 2004, Americans aged 65 and older with five or more chronic conditions incurred $3,862 on average, while those with no chronic conditions incurred prescription drug costs at an average…  
    • In 2004, approximately 8% of those 65 and older incurred no prescription drug costs, but close to 24% incurred $2,500 or more that year.  
    • In 2004, average annual prescription drug costs for noninstitutionalized Medicare enrollees over 65 was $2,107 per person.  
    • Annual health care costs for Medicare enrollees age 65 and over with no chronic disease was, on average, $5,186.  This number rises to $25,132 for those whith five of more…  
    • Among those aged 65-74, 13% of men and 22% of women reported an inability to perform at least one of five activites, compared to those 85 and over, of which,…  
    • In 2007, 42% of people over 65 reported a functional limitation, while 14% had trouble performing one or more instrumental activity of daily living but had no limitations on regular…  
    • Stroke was the third leasing cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 297 per 100,000 deaths.  
    • Heart disease was the leading cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 1,297 deaths per 100,000.  
    • Between 1981 and 2006, overall death rates among people over 65 dropped 21%, while the rate of deaths due to heart disease decreased by 50%.  
    • The top two leading causes of death among those over 65 years of age, regardless of race, sex, or Hispanic origin are heart disease and cancer  
    • Cancer was the #2 cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 claiming 1,025 per 100,000 people.  
    • Alzheimer’s Disease was the #5 cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 177 per 100,000 people.  
    • Between 1981 and 2006, overall death rates among people over 65 dropped 21%, while the rate of deaths due to diabetes increased by 29%  
    • Among those 65 and over, 18% are affected by vision trouble; 15 % of men and 19% of women.  Among those 85 and over, 28% report having trouble seeing.  
    • Diabetes was the #6 cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 137 per 100,000 people.  
    • Population growth of 85 and older population through 2050
      The population of those aged 85 and over is projected to grow from 5.7 million in 2008 to over 19 million by 2050.  
    • Life expectancy at age 65, 1960 and 2006
      The life expectancy of those who lived to age 65 in 2006 is 18.5 more years, while those who lived to the same age in 1960 expected only 4 more…  
    • Number of 65+ Americans in 2008
      In 2008, 39 million Americans were 65 and older—accounting for 13% of the total population.  
    • Growth of U.S. older population between 1900 and 2008
      The U.S. population of those aged 65 and over grew from 3 million in 1900 to over 39 million in 2008.  During the same period, the 85 and older population…  
    • Older population projections, 1900-2008 and 2010-2050
      Population age 65 and over and age 85 and over, selected years 1900-2008 and projected 2010-2050  
    • Average annual prescription drug costs for noninstitutionalized Medicare enrollees age 65 and over, by sources of payment, 1992-2004  
    • Average annual health care costs for Medicare enrollees age 65 and over, by age group, 1992-2006  
    • Death rates for selected leading causes of death among people age 65 and over, 1981-2006  
    • Percentage of noninstitutionalized Medicare enrollees age 65 and over who have limitations in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and who receive personal assistance, by age group, selected years 1992-2007  
    • Medicare-covered physician and home health care visits per 1,000 Medicare enrollees age 65 and over in fee-for-service, 1992-2007  
    • Major components of health care costs among Medicare enrollees age 65 and over, 1992-2006  
    • Medicare-covered hospital and skilled nursing facility stays per 1,000 Medicare enrollees age 65 and over in fee-for-service, 1992-2007  
    • Percentage of Medicare enrollees age 65 and over who have limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), or who are in a facility,…