Silver Book reference

Economic Impact of Visual Impairment and Blindness in the United States

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    • The total annual loss for the 3.7 million people in the U.S. who are visually impaired or blind is estimated at more than 209,000 quality-adjusted life-years.  
    • Blindness (compared to no visual impairment) is associated with more than $2,000 in excess annual medical expenses per person.  
    • Visual impairment (compared to no visual impairment) is associated with more than $1,000 in excess annual medical expenses per person.  
    • An individual who is visually impaired or blind accumulates nearly $1,479 in vision-related expenses each year– not including health utility or QALY losses. At this rate, after 8 years an…  
    • Visual impairment and blindness cause an annual health utility loss of approximately $10.5 billion. This figure measures lost quality of life when a disease has little or no short-term impact…  
    • The excess economic burden of visual impairment and blindess of individuals age 40 and older on the individual, caregivers, and other health care payers is an estimated $5.48 billion annually–…