Silver Book reference

Burden of Valvular Heart Diseases: a population-based study

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    • Moderate or severe aortic valve disease is present in 4.2% to 10.7% of the population ages 65 and older.
       
    • Mitral valve disease is present in 5.1% of the population ages 65 and older.
       
    • Risk of heart valve disease increases with age
      Between the ages of 18 and 44, less than 1% of the U.S. population has heart valve disease. This increases to 8.5% between ages 65 and 74, and 13.2% after…  
    • Prevalence of heart valve disease
       
    • ~8.7 to 11.6 million people in the U.S. have heart valve disease
      Alliance for Aging Research generated statistics, based on year 2000 percentage prevalence estimates by Nkomo et al. 2006 AND Bach et al. 2007 AND U.S. Census 2016  
    • As many as 5 million Americans are diagnosed with heart valve disease each year.  
    • Adjusted to the U.S. 2000 population, the prevalence of valve disease was 2.5% and the mortality risk ratio associated with the disease was 1.36.  
    • The prevalence of valve disease increases with age, from 0.7% in participants 18-44 to 13.3% in participants 75 years of age or older.