Silver Book reference

Advances in the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease: One of the most important contributors to improved human survival is the treatment of cardiovascular disease

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    • Percentage Change in Age-Adjusted Death Rates From Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) And Other Causes Since 1950, United States, 1950-2002  
    • Data from clinical trials demostrate that ICDs reduce sudden cardiac death 5-10% per year for 2-3 years, compared to antiarrhythmic drugs.  
    • About 250,000 Americans each year have an automatic intracardiac defibrillator implanted, at the cost of about $100,000 each.  
    • In the 1980s, approximately 400,000 major infarctions were occurring each year in the U.S. and 40% of patients were dying within the first year. 1-year mortality is now 4-8%.  
    • Every year, around 250,000 Americans have an automatic intracardiac defibrillator (ICD) implanted. Data from clinical trials that compares ICDs to antiarrhythmic drugs show that the ICDs reduce sudden cardiac death…  
    • Approximately 350,000 sudden cardiac deaths occur in the United States each year.  
    • “Both echocardiography and nuclear imaging are used for provocative “stress” testing of the heart. When combined with exercise or other forms of stress such as administering inotropic or vasodilating drugs,…  
    • Echocardiography and nuclear imaging are used for provocative “stress” testing of the heart. When combined with other forms of stress, both can identify the presence of coronary artery-obstructing lesions that…  
    • Atrial fibrillation ablation prevents recurrence of AFib
      Atrial fibrillation ablation, which involves using a catheter inserted into the heart to destroy electrical conduction tissue in or near the atria, prevents the recurrence of atrial fibrillation in up…  
    • Over 1 million angioplasty-stent procedures are estimated to be performed each year in the U.S.  
    • Over the past 15 years, three classes of drugs have reduced mortality and improved symptoms of heart failure in patients who have decreased heart muscle function. These classes of drugs…  
    • Through advances in risk-factor assessment, detection, and preventive strategies, the average age of acute myocardial infarction and heart failure patients has shifted around 10 to 15 years forward. One-year…  
    • Atrial fibrillation prevalence, 2007
      An estimated 2.2 million Americans have atrial fibrillation and most are over the age of 65.  
    • “Increasing life expectancy in western society is a result of two major success stories in the prevention and treatment of human disease. The first milestone was eliminating the scourge of…  
    • “Over the past thirty-five years, U.S. age-adjusted mortality from cardiovascular disease declined 50 percent. This marked reduction reflects advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of common cardiovascular conditions.”