Silver Book Fact

Death rate from pneumonia and flu rises significantly with age

The death rate from pneumonia and influenza is close to 130 times higher in people age 85 and older, compared to people ages 45 to 54. This increased risk due to age is even higher than that seen in heart disease, stroke, cancer, and other leading causes of death.

Gorina Y, Kelly T, Lubitz J, Hines Z. Trends in Influenza and Pneumonia Among Older Persons in the United States. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2008. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ahcd/agingtrends/08influenza.pdf

Reference

Title
Trends in Influenza and Pneumonia Among Older Persons in the United States
Publisher
National Center for Health Statistics
Publication Date
2008
Authors
Gorina Y, Kelly T, Lubitz J, Hines Z
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Age - A Major Risk Factor

Related Facts

  • Infectious diseases 15% of all healthcare expenditures
    The annual direct & indirect medical cost of infectious diseases is $120 million, 15% of all U.S. healthcare expenditures.  
  • Hospital stays longer when HAIs involved
    The average length of hospital stays are 19 days longer with healthcare-associated infections than without (24.4 days versus 5.2 days).  
  • Annual pneumonia, flu, and shingles cases
    Approximate annual number of new cases of leading infectious diseases in US: Pneumonia – 5 to 10 million Influenza – 35 to 50 million Herpes zoster (shingles) – 1 million  
  • Annual incidence of pneumonia in Medicare population
    In Medicare beneficiaries, the average cumulative annual incidence of any type of pneumonia was 47.4 per 1,000 from 2005 to 2007.  
  • >900,000 cases of pneumonia each year
    Each year, more than 900,000 cases of community-acquired pneumonia are estimated to occur in seniors in the U.S.