Silver Book Fact

Death rate from pneumonia and flu rises significantly with age

The death rate from pneumonia and influenza is close to 130 times higher in people age 85 and older, compared to people ages 45 to 54. This increased risk due to age is even higher than that seen in heart disease, stroke, cancer, and other leading causes of death.

Gorina Y, Kelly T, Lubitz J, Hines Z. Trends in Influenza and Pneumonia Among Older Persons in the United States. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2008. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ahcd/agingtrends/08influenza.pdf

Reference

Title
Trends in Influenza and Pneumonia Among Older Persons in the United States
Publisher
National Center for Health Statistics
Publication Date
2008
Authors
Gorina Y, Kelly T, Lubitz J, Hines Z
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Age - A Major Risk Factor

Related Facts

  • 75% of c. diff infections start in places like nursing homes and physician offices
    75% of clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections, a common HAI, start in places like nursing homes and physician offices.  
  • Majority of C. diff deaths in ages 65+
    More than 90% of deaths from C. difficile infectious occur in people ages 65 and older.  
  • Sepsis in hospitalized patients
    Hospitalized patients with sepsis who survived to 31 days experienced a 16.2% absolute increase in late mortality.  
  • Enormous annual direct cost of HAIs to hospitals
    The annual direct cost of healthcare-associated infections to U.S. hospitals ranges from $28.4 billion to $45 billion.  
  • Hospitalization rate from flu epidemics
    Every influenza epidemic, between 55,000 and 431,000 Americans are hospitalized, with a mean annual hospitalization rate of 226,000.