Silver Book Fact

The annual burden to the U.S. economy of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, refractive errors, visual impairment, and blindness in adults age 40 and older is estimated at $35.4 billion– $16.2 billion in direct medical costs, $11.1 billion in other direct costs, and $8 billion in lost productivity.

Rein D, Zhang P, Wirth K, Lee P, et al. The Economic Burden of Major Adult Visual Disorders in the United States. Arch Opthalmol. 2006; 124(12): 1754-60. http://archopht.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/124/12/1754

Reference

Title
The Economic Burden of Major Adult Visual Disorders in the United States
Publication
Arch Opthalmol
Publication Date
2006
Authors
Rein D, Zhang P, Wirth K, Lee P, et al
Volume & Issue
Volume 124, Issue 12
Pages
1754-60
URL
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Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Economic Burden

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  • More than 2.1 million Americans age 80 and older have low vision or are blind– 23.7% of the 80 and older population.  
  • Individuals who are visually impaired are less likely to be employed–44% are employed compared to 85% of adults with normal vision.  
  • Individuals with early-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are almost 2 times more likely to have a stroke than those who do not have the eye disease.