Silver Book Fact

Patients with a long duration of type 2 diabetes were found to have a lower total brain volume and gray and white matter volume than those without the disease.

Saczynski J, Siggurdsson S, Jonsson P, et al. Glycemic Status and Brain Injury in Older Individuals: The Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility–Reykjavik Study. Diabetes Care. 2009; 32(9): 1608-13. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/32/9/1608.long

Reference

Title
Glycemic Status and Brain Injury in Older Individuals: The Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility–Reykjavik Study
Publication
Diabetes Care
Publication Date
2009
Authors
Saczynski J, Siggurdsson S, Jonsson P, et al
Volume & Issue
Volume 32, Issue 9
Pages
1608-13
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Human Burden

Related Facts

  • 17.5 million Americans had diabetes in 2007, compared to 12.1 million in 2002.  
  • Medical costs are about $13,700 per year for those diagnosed with diabetes, 2.3 times higher than those without diabetes.  
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, adult-onset blindness, and lower limb amputations. It is also a significant cause of heart disease and stroke.  
  • Annual health care spending attributable to prediabetes or diabetes could rise from $206 billion in 2011 to $512 billion by 2021, with a cumulative cost of approximately $3.5 trillion.  
  • In 2008, 48,374 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease.