Silver Book Fact

Source of 99,000 annual deaths from HAIs

Fact image

Of the 99,000 annual deaths from HAIs:

  • 35,967 are from pneumonia
  • 30,665 are from bloodstream infections
  • 13,088 are from urinary tract infections
  • 8,205 are from surgical site infections; and
  • 11,062 are from infections at other sites

Klevens, R. Monina, Jonathan R. Edwards, Chesley L. Richards, Jr., Teresa C. Horan, Robert P. Gaynes, Daniel A. Pollock, and Denise M. Cardo. Estimating Health Care-Associated Infections and Deaths in U.S. Hospitals, 2002. Public Health Reports. 2007; 122(2): 160-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1820440/

Reference

Title
Estimating Health Care-Associated Infections and Deaths in U.S. Hospitals, 2002
Publication
Public Health Reports
Publication Date
2007
Authors
Klevens, R. Monina, Jonathan R. Edwards, Chesley L. Richards, Jr., Teresa C. Horan, Robert P. Gaynes, Daniel A. Pollock, and Denise M. Cardo
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 2
Pages
160-6
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Human Burden

Related Facts

  • HAI Annual Cost
    Healthcare-associated infections in US hospitals cost $96–$147 billion annually.  
  • Primary sources of HAIs
    Around 2/3 of all HAIs are central-line associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Surgical site infections and Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) are also common HAIs.  
  • Infection and related sepsis leading cause of death in noncardiac-ICUs
    Infection and related sepsis/septicemia are the leading cause of death in noncardiac-ICUs, accounting for as many as 60% of deaths.  
  • ~70% of hospital HAIs resistant to ≥ antimicrobial
    Approximately 70% of hospital-acquired HAIs are resistant to at least one antimicrobial drug.  
  • Hospital stays longer when HAIs involved
    The average length of hospital stays are 19 days longer with healthcare-associated infections than without (24.4 days versus 5.2 days).