Silver Book Fact

More than 38 million Americans age 40 and older are estimated to experience blindness, low vision, or an age-related eye disease.

Eye Disease Prevalence Research Group. Blindness. Archives of Ophthalmology. 2004; 122(4): 437-676. http://archopht.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/122/4/444

Reference

Title
Blindness
Publication
Archives of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
2004
Authors
Eye Disease Prevalence Research Group
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 4
Pages
437-676
URL
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Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Prevalence & Incidence

Related Facts

  • The annual direct medical costs (including outpatient, inpatient, and prescription drug services) for Americans age 40 and older with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is $575 million.  
  • An estimated 4,195,966 Americans age 40 and older have vision impairment and blindness—1,288,275 are blind and 2,907,691 have vision impairment.  
  • The annual burden to the U.S. economy of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, refractive errors, visual impairment, and blindness in adults age 40 and older is estimated…  
  • Low vision or blindness affects 1 in 28 Americans over the age of 40– 3.3 million Americans.  
  • A study of Medicare beneficiaries with glaucoma showed that health care costs increased with degree of vision loss–ranging from $8,157 per year for no vision loss to $18,670 for blindness.