Prevalence, Referral Patterns, Testing, and Surgery in Aortic Valve Disease: Leaving women and elderly patients behind?. Journal of Heart Valve Disease. 2007; 16(4). https://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/17702360
Nkomo, Vuyisile, Julius Gardin, Thomas Skelton, John Gottdiener, Christopher Scott, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano. Burden of Valvular Heart Diseases: a population-based study. Lancet. September 2006; 368(9540). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16980116
Between the ages of 18 and 44, less than 1% of the U.S. population has heart valve disease. This increases to 8.5% between ages 65 and 74, and 13.2% after age 75.
A U.K. population screening found previously undetected heart valve disease in 1 in 2 adults ages 65+.