Silver Book Fact

In the absence of antihypertensive drug therapy, there would have been an estimated 572,000 more hospital discharges for stroke in 2002, and 261,000 more discharges for myocardial infarction. The estimated hospital discharges avoided represent a 38% reduction in discharges for stroke, and a 25% reduction in discharges for myocardial infarction; compared to preductions with untreated blood pressure.

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Related Facts

  • During the 1970s and 1980s, the gains associated with the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease totaled $31 trillion.  
  • A calculated approximate benefit-to-cost ratio for antihypertensive therapy is 10:1 for men and 6:1 for women.  
  • Stroke rates among Afib patients
    In one year, 58,283 of the 1.265 million Medicare beneficiaries with atrial fibrillation that did not receive prophylaxis suffered a stroke. For those who did receive anti-coagulants, 38,468 suffered strokes.  
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  • Between 1981 and 2004, death rates for heart disease and stroke declined by about 44%.