Silver Book Fact

In 2009, the estimated direct and indirect cost of cardiovascular disease is $165.4 billion.

Lloyd-Jones D, Adams R, Carnethon M, De Simon G, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics- 2009 Update. Circulation. 2009; 119: e21-181. http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.191261

Reference

Title
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics- 2009 Update
Publication
Circulation
Publisher
American Heart Association
Publication Date
2009
Authors
Lloyd-Jones D, Adams R, Carnethon M, De Simon G, et al.
Pages
e21-181
URL
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Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Economic Burden

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