Silver Book Fact

Significant increase of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus penumoniae

High-level penicillin-resistant Steptococcus pneumoniae increased 1,000-fold over 17 years.

Laximinaryan R, Malani A, Howard D, Smith D. Extending the Cure: Policy responses to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future; March 2007. http://www.cddep.org/publications/extending_cure_policy_responses_growing_threat_antibiotic_resistance

Reference

Title
Extending the Cure: Policy responses to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance
Publisher
Resources for the Future
Publication Date
March 2007
Authors
Laximinaryan R, Malani A, Howard D, Smith D
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Prevalence & Incidence

Related Facts

  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia leading cause of HAI
    Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is the 2nd most frequent cause of hospital-acquired infection, numbering around 300,000 cases each year.  
  • 1 in 4 inpatient pneumonia hospitalizations due to HAIs
    In one study, one in four inpatient pneumonia hospitalizations were from health-care-associated pneumonia.  
  • Close to 1/2 of HAIs in patients 65+
    Around 45% of all hospital-acquired HAIs in 2007 were in patients age 65 and older.  
  • ~1 in 20 hospitalized patients will get an HAI
    Around 1 in 20 hospitalized patients will contract a healthcare-associated infection, the most common complication of hospital care.  
  • Comorbidities and hospitalization higher with HAIs
    Patients with HAIs have more comorbidities (2.8 vs. 1.9) and in-hospital mortality (9% vs. 1.5%), compared to all other hospitalized patients.