Silver Book Fact

Significant increase of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus penumoniae

High-level penicillin-resistant Steptococcus pneumoniae increased 1,000-fold over 17 years.

Laximinaryan, Ramanan, Anup Malani, David Howard, and David L. Smith. Extending the Cure: Policy responses to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future; March 2007. http://www.cddep.org/publications/extending_cure_policy_responses_growing_threat_antibiotic_resistance

Reference

Title
Extending the Cure: Policy responses to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance
Publisher
Resources for the Future
Publication Date
March 2007
Authors
Laximinaryan, Ramanan, Anup Malani, David Howard, and David L. Smith
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Prevalence & Incidence

Related Facts

  • Source of 99,000 annual deaths from HAIs
    Of the 99,000 annual deaths from HAIs: 35,967 are from pneumonia 30,665 are from bloodstream infections 13,088 are from urinary tract infections 8,205 are from surgical site infections; and 11,062 are from infections at other…  
  • MRSA infections increase in older patients
    In 2008, 75% of healthcare-associated invasive MRSA infections occurred in patients older than 50, with 46% in patients older than 65%.  
  • Majority of C. diff deaths in ages 65+
    More than 90% of deaths from C. difficile infectious occur in people ages 65 and older.  
  • Enormous annual direct cost of HAIs to hospitals
    The annual direct cost of healthcare-associated infections to U.S. hospitals ranges from $28.4 billion to $45 billion.  
  • HAIs cost patients additional $43,000 per hospital stay
    Patients with HAIs cost, on average, $43,000 more per hospital stay than those without an infection ($52,096 vs. $9,377).