Silver Book Fact

Around 648,000 Americans age 80 and older are blind– 7% of the 80 and older population.

Congdon N, O'Colmain B, Klaver C, Klein R, et al. Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States. Archives of Ophthalmology. 2004; 122(4): 477-85. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15078664/

Reference

Title
Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States
Publication
Archives of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
2004
Authors
Congdon N, O'Colmain B, Klaver C, Klein R, et al.
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 4
Pages
477-85
URL
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Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Age - A Major Risk Factor

Related Facts

  • Visual impairment (compared to no visual impairment) is associated with more than $1,000 in excess annual medical expenses per person.  
  • The annual direct medical costs (including outpatient, inpatient, and prescription drug services) for Americans age 40 and older with diabetic retinopathy is $493 million.  
  • By 2020, the number of Americans age 40 and older who are blind is projected to reach 1.6 million– growing 70% from 1 million in 2004.  
  • The average cost in 2004 per diabetic retinopathy patient age 40 to 64 using outpatient services was $629. The average cost per patient 65 years and older was $463.  
  • The average cost in 2004 per age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patient age 40 and older using medications and vitamins was $110.