Silver Book Fact

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among white Americans– accounting for 54% of cases of blindness.

Congdon NG, O'Colmain BJ, Klaver CC, et al. Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States. Archives of Ophthalmology. 2004; 122(4): 477-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=15078664

Reference

Title
Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States
Publication
Archives of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
2004
Authors
Congdon NG, O'Colmain BJ, Klaver CC, et al
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 4
Pages
477-85
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Human Burden

Related Facts

  • By 2020, the number of Americans age 40 and older who are blind or have low vision is projected to reach 5.5 million– growing from 3.3 million in 2004.  
  • The annual direct medical costs (including outpatient, inpatient, and prescription drug services) for Americans age 40 and older with diabetic retinopathy is $493 million.  
  • Expenditures for glaucoma medications are on the rise–mean annual glaucoma medication expenditures per indiviual increased from $445 in 2001 to $557 in 2006.  
  • An estimated 20.7 million Americans are affected by dry eye.  
  • Increase in trouble seeing with age, 2006
    16.8% of the non-institutionalized adults 65 years and older have some trouble seeing, even with glasses or contacts. That number increases to 19.9% in adults 75 years and older.