Silver Book reference

Cancer Facts & Figures 2006

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    • In 2006, approximately 40,970 women will die from invasive breast cancer.  
    • Because of advances in treatment, the 5-year survival rate for people with actue lymphocytic leukemia has increased from 38% in 1974-1976 to 65% in 1995-2001.  
    • Women younger than 65 are about 2 times as likely to survive ovarian cancer than a woman 65 and older.  
    • The 5-year survival rate for localized breast cancer, is 98%–an 18% increase since the 1950s.  
    • Leading Sites of New Cancer Cases and Deaths — 2006 Estimates  
    • Cancer accounts for 1 out of every 4 deaths in the United States.  
    • Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States, exceeded only by heart disease.  
    • The 5-year survival rate for prostate cancer has increased from 67% to nearly 100% over the past 20 years.  
    • Risk for ovarian cancer increases with age, with the greatest risk in the late 70s.  
    • The 1-year survival rate for lung cancer has increased from 37% in 1975 to 42% in 1999-2001, largely because of improvements to surgical techniques and with combined therapies.  
    • A woman 70 or older is 13 times more likely to develop invasive cancer than a woman 39 or younger.  
    • A man 70 or older is 27 times more likely to develop invasive cancer than a man 39 or younger.  
    • When detected early, the 5-year survival rate for colorectal cancer is 90%; however, only 39% of colorectal cancers are diagnosed early, mainly because of low rates of screening.  
    • Colon and rectum cancer account for about 10% of all cancer deaths.  
    • Incidence rates for colorectal cancer have been decreasing since 1985, from 66 to 52 per 100,000 in 2002.  
    • Death rates from breast cancer declined by an average of 2.3% per year between 1990 and 2002 because of earlier detection through screening, better awareness, and improved treatments.  
    • The National Institutes of Health estimated the overall cost of cancer in 2005 was $209.9 billion. This figure includes $74.0 billion in direct medical costs, $17.5 billion in indirect…  
    • The 5-year survival rate for all cancers diagnosed between 1995 and 2001 is up from 50% in 1974-1976 to 65%.  
    • Women have a little more than a 1 in 3 lifetime risk of developing cancer.  
    • Men have a slightly less than a 1 in 2 lifetime risk of developing cancer.  
    • Approximately 75% of all cancer cases are diagnosed in people 55 and older.