Silver Book Fact

Hospital-acquired pneumonia leading cause of HAI

Fact image

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is the 2nd most frequent cause of hospital-acquired infection, numbering around 300,000 cases each year.

McEachern, Robert, and G. Douglas Campbell. Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Epidemiology, etiology, and treatment. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1998; 12(3): 761-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891552005702099

Reference

Title
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Epidemiology, etiology, and treatment
Publication
Infect Dis Clin North Am
Publication Date
1998
Authors
McEachern, Robert, and G. Douglas Campbell
Volume & Issue
Volume 12, Issue 3
Pages
761-79
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Prevalence & Incidence

Related Facts

  • MRSA infections increase in older patients
    In 2008, 75% of healthcare-associated invasive MRSA infections occurred in patients older than 50, with 46% in patients older than 65%.  
  • Primary sources of HAIs
    Around 2/3 of all HAIs are central-line associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Surgical site infections and Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) are also common HAIs.  
  • Around $35 billion cost to society from antibiotic resistant infections
    The societal costs of antibiotic resistant infections are around $35 billion each year- this includes the cost of lost wages and premature deaths.  
  • Comorbidities and hospitalization higher with HAIs
    Patients with HAIs have more comorbidities (2.8 vs. 1.9) and in-hospital mortality (9% vs. 1.5%), compared to all other hospitalized patients.  
  • Patients hospitalized for sepsis experience poor outcomes
    Compared with patients hospitalized with other diagnoses, patients hospitalized for sepsis/septicemia are: 1/2 as likely to be discharged home 2 times more likely to be discharged to other short-term care 3 times more…