Silver Book Fact

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among white Americans– accounting for 54% of cases of blindness.

Congdon NG, O'Colmain BJ, Klaver CC, et al. Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States. Archives of Ophthalmology. 2004; 122(4): 477-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=15078664

Reference

Title
Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States
Publication
Archives of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
2004
Authors
Congdon NG, O'Colmain BJ, Klaver CC, et al
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 4
Pages
477-85
URL
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Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Human Burden

Related Facts

  • Every 7 minutes, someone in the United States becomes blind or visually impaired.  
  • In 2001, an estimated 1.4 million age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients visited physicians or hospitals for treatment of their disease.  
  • The annual direct medical costs (including outpatient, inpatient, and prescription drug services) for Americans age 40 and older with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is $575 million.  
  • An estimated 1,288,275 Americans age 40 and older are blind.  
  • The ability to recognize faces declines with age and requires, on average, being 5 feet closer to the face with every decade after the age of 60.