Silver Book Fact

Age-Related eye diseases affect more than 35 million Americans age 40 and older. The most common eye diseases in that age group are macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and cataract.

Eye Disease Prevalence Research Group. Blindness. Archives of Ophthalmology. 2004; 122(4): 437-676. http://archopht.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/extract/122/4/444

Reference

Title
Blindness
Publication
Archives of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
2004
Authors
Eye Disease Prevalence Research Group
Volume & Issue
Volume 122, Issue 4
Pages
437-676
URL
Read Full Resource

Categories

  • Cost of Disease
  • Prevalence & Incidence

Related Facts

  • Expenditures for glaucoma medications are on the rise–mean annual glaucoma medication expenditures per indiviual increased from $445 in 2001 to $557 in 2006.  
  • Of Medicare beneficiaries who were blind from glaucoma, 25.3% were placed in nursing homes, 17% had incident depression, 15.5% experienced a fall and/or an accident, 16.9% suffered an injury, and…  
  • Vision loss is a leading cause of falls in the elderly. One study found that visual field loss was associated with a 6-fold risk of frequent falls.  
  • The average annual salary for adults who are visually impaired is close to $10,000 less than for those with normal vision.  
  • More than 2.7 million Americans age 40 and older have glaucoma—2,719,379.