Valve Disease  /  Prevalence & Incidence

As many as 11.6 million Americans in the U.S. have heart valve disease (HVD), and more than 1 in 10 adults ages 75 and older have HVD. Thankfully, the HVD field has experienced tremendous advances in improving survival, recovery, and quality of life for patients.

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    • Prevalence of heart valve disease
       
    • ~8.7 to 11.6 million people in the U.S. have heart valve disease
      Alliance for Aging Research generated statistics, based on year 2000 percentage prevalence estimates by Nkomo et al. 2006 AND Bach et al. 2007 AND U.S. Census 2016  
    • 2016 prevalence of Americans 65+ who had AVD
      In 2016, an estimated 5.2 million U.S. adults ages 65+ had aortic valve disease (AVD).   Note: Alliance for Aging Research generated statistic, based on 2005 percentage prevalence estimates by Bach et al. 2007  
    • 2016 prevalence of aortic valve disease in America
      In 2016, as many as 5.8 million U.S. adults had aortic valve disease (AVD). Note: Alliance for Aging Research generated statistic, based on 2005 percentage prevalence estimates by Bach et al. 2007  
    • Undertreatment of patients with sSAS
      AS is often undertreated — one study found that 56% of severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (sSAS) patients referred to a cardiothoracic surgeon were not operated on.  
    • Detection rate of heart murmurs
      More than 40% of heart murmurs — detected with a stethoscope and sometimes the first sign of heart valve disease (HVD) — are missed by family practitioners.  
    • Low detection rates for AS
      Prevalence estimates for AS are likely low. A U.K. population screening found previously undetected HVD in 1 in 2 adults ages 65+.  
    • Aortic stenosis impacts majority of heart valve disease patients
      Aortic stenosis (AS) is among the most common forms of heart valve disease (HVD), affecting 2% to 3% of the adult U.S. population.