Neurological Disease  /  Future Economic Burden

The prevalence of diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's are skyrocketing as our population ages and they threaten to bankrupt our economy if better treatments and cures aren't found.  5.4 million Americans are currently diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. This number will triple to 16 million by the year 2050. Parkinson’s disease affects 1 million Americans, with at least 60,000 new cases occurring each year.

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    • Total Medicaid spending for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias is projected to be $35.5 billion in 2012.  
    • Aggregate payments for health care, long-term care and hospice for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias are projected to increase from $200 billion in 2012 to $1.1 trillion in 2050 (in 2012 dollars).  
    • It is projected that the United States will need an additional 3.5 million health care providers by 2030 just to maintain the current ratio of health care workers to the population.  
    • In 2012, total out-of-pocket spending for individuals with Alzheimer’s and other dementias is estimated at $33.8 billion  
    • Total payments for Alzheimer’s disease in 2012 are estimated at $200 billion, including $140 billion for Medicare and Medicaid combined in 2012 dollars.  
    • Total Medicaid spending for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias is projected to be $35.5 billion in 2012.  
    • For people with Alzheimer’s disease, aggregate payments for health care, long-term care, and hospice are projected to increase from $200 billion in 2012 to $1.1 trillion in 2050.  
    • The federal share of Medicaid costs for nursing home care of Alzheimer’s disease residents will be $17 billion in 2010 and $85 billion in 2050.  The state share will be…  
    • Medicaid Nursing Home Costs, Delayed Onset  
    • Around half of all nursing home residents rely on Medicaid to help pay for their care.  In 2010, Medicaid costs for the nursing home care of Alzheimer’s patients will be…  
    • The costs to other payers (beyond Medicare, Medicaid, and out-of-pocket) will increase more than 400% between 2010 and 2050–from $22 billion to $117 billion.  
    • The out-of-pocket costs to people with Alzheimer’s disease will increase more than 400% between 2010 and 2050–from $30 billion to $157 billion.  
    • Medicaid costs for people with Alzheimer’s will increase 400% between 2010 and 2050–from $34 billion to $178 billion.  
    • Medicare costs for people with Alzheimer’s will increase more than 600% between 2010 and 2050–from $88 billion to $627 billion.  
    • Costs of Care for Americans Age 65 and Older with Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias, 2010–2050  
    • Between 2010 and 2050, the total costs of caring for Americans with Alzheimer’s disease–age 65 and older–will increase 5-fold–from $172 billion to $1.08 trillion each year.  These figures include the…  
    • Cost of Care for People with Alzheimer’s Disease  
    • The number of people with Parkinson’s disease in the U.S. is expected to double between 2005 and 2030.  
    • “When baby boomers begin to reach the median age for admission to a nursing home in 2025, Medicaid spending for nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease will increase rapidly, from…  
    • Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias cost state and federal Medicaid $21 billion in nursing home care in 2005, which is projected to increase to $24 billion in 2010 and $27…  
    • In 2005, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias cost Medicare $91 billion, which is projected to increase to $160 billion by 2010 and $189 billion by 2015.  
    • State and Federal Medicaid spending will increase from $19 billion in 2000 to $118 billion in 2050.  
    • Total Medicare spending on treating beneficiaries with Alzheimer’s disease will increase from $62 billion in 2000 to $189 billion in 2015. By 2050, Medicare will be spending more than $1…  
    • For beneficiaries diagnosed with Alzheimer’s and other dementias, state and federal nursing home care is expected to increase from $21 billion in 2005 to $24 billion in 2010, and $27…  
    • Medicare spending on beneficiaries diagnosed with dementias is projected to increase from $91 billion in 2005 to $160 billion by 2010, and $189 billion by 2015.  
    • In 2025, when baby boomers with severe disabilities or diseases–such as Alzheimer’s disease–reach the median age for nursing home care admission, Medicaid costs just for nursing home care will increase…  
    • Medicare spending for those with Alzheimer’s disease will triple by 2015–to $189 billion from $62 billion in 2000. By 2050, Medicare will be spending more than $1 trillion on beneficiaries…  
    • The number of Medicare claims for Alzheimer’s disease treatment grew by 250% during the 1990s, and is expected to increase by 300% over the next 10 years.