Cardiovascular Disease  /  Human Burden

Approximately 85.6 million Americans suffer from some form of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and close to 1 in 3 deaths result from CVD. These are not only deadly but costly diseases with CVD and stroke costing around $320 billion each year.

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    • Average Length of Hospital Stay for Stroke Patients
      The average length of stay for hospitalized stroke patients was 4.7 days in 2014.  
    • 2015 Female Stroke Deaths
      In 2015, females accounted for 58% of stroke-related deaths in the US.  
    • Highest and Lowest Stroke Prevalence by State in U.S. Adults
      2.7% of U.S. adults suffer from stroke, with the highest prevalence in Alabama (4.3%) and the lowest prevalence in Minnesota (1.9%).  
    • African Americans in Southeastern U.S. and Stroke Burden
      African Americans and those living in the southeastern United States experience the greatest disease burden of stroke.    
    • Ischemic stroke hospital stays with an AFib diagnosis
      One in four hospital stays (in 2014) with ischemic stroke also included a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation. This is an increase from one in five stays in 1998.  
    • AFib related rates of hospital stays highest in adults ages 85+
      The rate of hospital stays involving atrial fibrillation in 2014 was more than three times as high among adults ages 85 years and older, compared with adults ages 65-84 (16,830…  
    • Pulmonary hypertension is a complication in at least 23% of patients with significant mitral regurgitation due to flail leaflet, and approximately doubles the risk of death and heart failure after diagnosis.
       
    • Mitral regurgitation patients who did not undergo surgery saw an increased use of medical therapies from 12% to 47% over 4.5 years.
       
    • Hospital Discharges from Heart Valve Disease in 2010*
       
    • Risk of heart valve disease increases with age
      Between the ages of 18 and 44, less than 1% of the U.S. population has heart valve disease. This increases to 8.5% between ages 65 and 74, and 13.2% after…  
    • Patients with severe MR who don’t have surgery have mortality rates of 20% after 1-year and 50% after 5-years
       
    • Every year more than 25,000 Americans die of heart valve disease
       
    • Survival rates for SAS patients without treatment
       
    • Medicare patients with sSAS have an average lifespan of 1.8 years without repair or replacement
       
    • Survival rates for patients with sSAS without repair or replacement
       
    • 2016 prevalence of Americans 65+ who had AVD
      In 2016, an estimated 5.2 million U.S. adults ages 65+ had aortic valve disease (AVD).   Note: Alliance for Aging Research generated statistic, based on 2005 percentage prevalence estimates by Bach et al. 2007  
    • Detection rate of heart murmurs
      More than 40% of heart murmurs — detected with a stethoscope and sometimes the first sign of heart valve disease (HVD) — are missed by family practitioners.  
    • Survival Rates Over 5 Years for Patients with Medically Managed Severe Aortic Stenosis
       
    • Increased hospital admissions and prolonged length of stay for patients who do not undergo treatment
      Medicare severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (sSAS) patients who do not undergo treatment have an average of 1.9 hospital admissions per year and prolonged lengths of stay — 11.5 hospital days…  
    • All-cause mortality for aortic valve disorders
      In 2014, all-cause mortality for aortic valve disorders was 34,408 in the U.S.  
    • 1 and 6-month mortality rates without treatment for sSAS
      Waiting for treatment for severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (sSAS) can be deadly, with 1-month mortality at 3.7% and 6-month mortality at 11.6% (measured from the time intervention was recommended).  
    • Lifespan of Medicare patients with sSAS who do not undergo treatment
      Medicare patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (sSAS) who do not undergo treatment have an average lifespan of 1.8 years.  
    • Survival rates of sSAS patients who do not undergo valve replacement
      Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (sSAS) who do not undergo valve replacement have survival rates as low as 50% at two years and 20% at 5 years after the…  
    • Tobacco smoking as a major risk factor
      Worldwide, tobacco smoking (including second-hand smoke) was 1 of the top 3 leading risk factors for disease and contributed to an estimated 6.2 million deaths in 2010.  
    • The heart can beat upwards of 175 times or more per minute during an AFib episode.  
    • Heart disease leads to 600,000 deaths per year in the U.S.  
    • Risk of stroke in people with AFib
      The risk of having a stroke increases 5-fold in individuals with AFib. Individuals with AFib also have more severe and recurrent strokes than those without the disease.  
    • AFib-related stroke and disability
      Stroke is very disabling and individuals recovering from a stroke who also have AFib have a higher risk of remaining disable or handicapped compared to stroke patients without AFib.  
    • Heart failure in people with AFib
      AFib can also lead to heart failure. Within the first year of diagnosis, AFib patients have a 36.7% chance of experiencing heart failure– compared to 10.4% in those without AFib.  
    • AFib doubles dementia risk
      Individuals with AFib have a twice the risk of dementia.  
    • AFib increases mortality risk
      Most importantly, AFib double the person’s risk of death and is the cause of nearly 100,000 deaths in the U.S. each year.  
    • Quality of life in AFib patients
      Individuals with AFib report substantially worse quality of life compared to those without the disease  
    • Annual strokes from AFib
      Atrial fibrillation accounts for between 75,000 and 100,000 strokes per year.  
    • Within 1 year of a transient ischemic attack, around 12% of patients will die.  
    • Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk
      Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke 5- fold.  
    • Acute myocardial infarction resulted in 695,000 hospital stays in 2004.  
    • In 2004, coronary artery disease was responsible for an estimated 1.2 million hospital stays.  
    • Of those admitted to the hospital for cardiovascular disease–3.3% died in the hospital. This is significantly higher than the average in-hospital death rate of 2.1% for all hospitalized patients.  
    • In 2008, cardiovascular disease accounted for 32.8% of all deaths in the U.S.–811,940, or 1 of every 3 deaths in the U.S.  
    • In 2009, stroke as a first-listed diagnosis was the cause of 3.3 million physician office visits, 768,000 emergency department visits and 127,000 outpatient department visits.  
    • When considered separately from other forms of cardiovascular disease, stroke ranks as the 4th leading cause of death in the U.S.  
    • Stroke accounts for 1 in every 18 deaths in the U.S.  
    • Every 4 minutes, someone in the U.S. dies from a stroke.  
    • In 2009, 372,000 hospitalizations had hypertension listed as the first diagnosis.  
    • The number of ambulatory medical care visits for hypertension was 55 million in 2009–49,966,000 physician office visits, 1,000,000 emergency department visits, and 4,182,000 outpatient visits.  
    • Between 1998 and 2009, the number of inpatient discharged from short-stay hospitals with high blood pressure as the first-listed diagnosis increased from 439,000 to 579,000. The number of all-listed…  
    • Between 1998 and 2008, the death rate from high blood pressure increased by 20% and the actual number of deaths rose by almost 50%.  
    • In 2008, around 61,000 Americans died from high blood pressure. Any-mention mortality was 347,689.  
    • In 2009 there were 3,041,000 physician office visits with a primary diagnosis of heart failure. There were also 668,000 emergency department visits and 293,000 outpatient department visits.  
    • Around 50% of people diagnosed with heart failure will die within 5 years.  
    • 1 in 9 deaths has heart failure mentioned on the death certificate.  
    • In 2008, any-mention mortality was 281,437 for heart failure. It was the underlying cause of death in 56,830 of those deaths.  
    • Atrial fibrillation on death certificates
      In 2008, atrial fibrillation was mentioned on 99,294 death certificates in the U.S. and was the underlying cause of death in 15,383.  
    • In 2009, there were 12,826,000 physician office visits, 639,000 emergency department visits, and 589,000 outpatient department visits with a primary diagnosis of coronary heart disease.  
    • In 2009, there were 14,044,000 ambulatory care visits with coronary heart disease as the first-listed diagnosis.  
    • In 2007, the overall coronary heart disease death rate was 126 per 100,000 people.  
    • People who have had a myocardial infarction have a sudden death rate that is 4 to 6 times higher than the general public.  
    • The estimated average number of years of life lost because of myocardial infarction is 16.6.  
    • Around 15% of those who experience a myocardial infarction in a given year will die from it.  
    • Around 34% of those who experience a coronary attack in a given year will die from it.  
    • Every minute, someone in the U.S. will die from a coronary event.  
    • In 2008, 405,309 people died of coronary heart disease.  
    • Coronary heart disease was the cause of 1 out of every 6 deaths in the U.S. in 2008.  
    • In 2005, around 1 out of every 6 hospital stays–close to 6 million–resulted from cardiovascular disease.  
    • In 2009, 94,871,000 physician office visits resulted in a primary diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.  
    • Heart disease, stroke, and hypertension are among the 15 leading causes of disability in the U.S.  
    • In 2008, diseases of the heart were the leading cause of death from women 65 years and older in the U.S.  
    • With the exception of 1918, cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of death in the U.S. since 1900.  
    • Every 39 seconds, someone in the U.S. dies from cardiovascular disease.  
    • More than 2,200 Americans die from cardiovascular disease each day–an average of 1 death every 39 seconds.  
    • The overall rate of death attributable to cardiovascular disease in 2008 was 244.8 per 100,000.  
    • At 65 years and older 25% of white men, 30% of white women, 25% of black men, and 30% of black women will die within one year of their first…  
    • Around 81% of people who die from coronary heart disease are 65 years and older.  
    • Breakdown of Direct Costs of Stroke (Short Term and Long Term) by Type of Expense  
    • In one year alone (1990), stroke led to more than 100,000 nursing home admissions with a mean length of stay of 432 days.  
    • Stroke was listed as the first-diagnoses for 3,764,000 ambulatory care visits in 2007.  
    • The mean length of stay for patients hospitalized for stroke ranges from 4.6 to 12.4 days.  
    • In 2004, stroke hospitalizations totaled 726,000.  
    • After a stroke, 15% to 30% of survivors are permanently disabled and 20% require institutional care at 3 months after the stroke.  
    • Of those that survive a stroke, only 10% recover completely.  
    • Of those who survived a stroke, 30% received outpatient rehabilitation.  
    • Ischemic stroke survivors who were 65 years and older had the following disabilities 6 months after their stroke:• 50% had some one-sided paralysis• 30% needed help walking• 26% needed help…  
    • Stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States.  
    • Every 4 minutes, on average, someone dies of a stroke.  
    • Within 30 days of ischemic stroke, 8.1% of people age 65 and older were dead.  
    • The mean age at death from stroke was 79.6 in 2002.  
    • Stroke is a contributory cause of death for around 230,000 people each year.  
    • One in every 18 deaths in the United States is caused by stroke.  
    • Stroke is the third most common cause of death in the United States, when considered separately from other cerebrovascular diseases.  
    • Effect of hip and knee replacement surgeries on risk of VTE
      Hip and knee replacement surgeries significantly raise the risk of venous thromboembolism—without prophylaxis around half develop deep vein thrombosis and 1% to 2% develop pulmonary embolism.  
    • Average length of stay in intensive care for VTE patients after surgery
      The mean length of stay in the intensive care unit for patients hospitalized after major orthopedic surgery  was roughly ten times longer for patients who developed venous thromboembolism.  
    • Average length of hospital stay for VTE patients after surgery
      The mean length of stay for patients hospitalized after major orthopedic surgery was more than twice as  long for patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE)—as compared to those without VTE. VTE…  
    • Venous thromboembolism hospitalization rates
      An estimated 250,000 patients are hospitalized each year with venous thromboembolism.  
    • Venous thromboembolism (VTE) outcomes
      Of the more than 200,000 new cases of venous thromboembolism (VTE) that occur each year, 30% die within 30 days, 20% suffer a sudden death from pulmonary embolism, and around…  
    • Symptomatic venous thromboembolism outcomes
      Around one-third of patients with symptomatic venous thromboembolism manifest pulmonary embolism. Two-thirds manifest deep vein thrombosis alone. Death occurs within 1 month of diagnosis in approximately 6% of deep vein…  
    • Venous thromboembolism in the community
      More than 50% of all cases of venous thromboembolism in the community can be attributed to institutionalization.  
    • Undetected pulmonary embolism
      More than 59% of the 300,000 people who die from venous thromboembolism in the U.S. each year have undetected pulmonary embolism.  
    • In-hospital deaths caused by venous thromboembolism
      The number of in-hospital deaths that are caused by venous thromboembolism is more than five times the number of deaths caused by all hospital-acquired infections.  
    • Venous thromboembolism in hospital mortality rate
      About 1 in 8 patients who develop venous thromboembolism in the hospital will die as a result.  
    • Venous thromboembolism mortality rate
      Venous thromboembolism causes an estimated 300,000 deaths each year.  
    • Depression and anxiety in AFib patients
      Around 1/3 of atrial fibrillation patients have elevated levels of depression and anxiety.  
    • Hospital readmission rates among AFib patients
      In the year following initial hospitalization for atrial fibrillation (AF), 12.5% of chronic AF patients were readmitted for AF—17.6% of readmissions occurred within 1 month. Among newly-diagnosed patients, 10.1% were…  
    • AFib patient hospital visits
      Individuals with atrial fibrillation (AF) are 4 times more likely to visit the hospital 3 or more times in the year following an AF diagnosis—compared to those without the disease.  
    • Medical care rates during the year following an AFib diagnosis
      A study of Medicare beneficiaries found that during the year following an atrial fibrillation (AF) diagnosis: • 28% of AF patients (versus 7% of non-AF patients) had 3 or more hospital…  
    • Medical care associated with atrial fibrillation, 2001
      In 2001, atrial fibrillation was the cause of around: • 350,000 hospitalizations • 5 million office visits • 276,000 emergency department visits • 234,000 out-patient visits  
    • AFib strokes occurring in patients 75+
      Close to half of all atrial fibrillation associated strokes occur in patients age 75 and older.  
    • The risk of stroke attributable to atrial fibrillation by age
      The risk of stroke attributable to atrial fibrillation increases from 1.5% for those ages 50 to 59 to 23.5% for those ages 80 to 89.  
    • Atrial fibrillation stroke risk
      Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of severe and recurrent ischemic stroke. Patients not treated with anticoagulants have a 2.1-fold increase in risk of recurrent stroke and 2.4-fold increase in…  
    • Ischemic strokes caused by AFib
      Atrial fibrillation is responsible for at least 15% to 20% of all ischemic strokes.  
    • Risk of ischemic stroke in AFib patients
      The risk of ischemic stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients is 2 to 7 times (200% to 700%) greater than in those without the disease.  
    • Heart failure rates among AFib patients
      A study of Medicare beneficiaries found that those with atrial fibrillation (AF) were significantly more likely to experience heart failure than their non-AF counterparts (36.7% versus 10.4%).  
    • Primary diagnoses for AFib patients
      Heart failure was listed as the primary diagnosis for 11.8% of patients hospitalized with atrial fibrillation (AF). Coronary heart disease was listed for 9.9% of AF patients, and stroke was…  
    • Most common causes of death after AFib diagnosis
      Within the first 4 months of diagnosis of atrial fibrillation, the most common cause of cardiovascular deaths are coronary artery disease (22%), heart failure (14%), and ischemic stroke (10%). After…  
    • Medicare beneficiaries AFib mortality rate
      Of Medicare beneficiaries who receive an atrial fibrillation diagnosis, 1 in 4 will die within a year.  
    • Atrial fibrillation doubles mortality risk
      Atrial fibrillation is associated with an approximate doubling of mortality risk.  
    • Atrial fibrillation as a contributory cause of death
      Around 84% of all deaths with atrial fibrillation as a contributory cause are in individuals age 75 and older.  
    • Atrial fibrillation as a contributory cause of death, 2011
      Atrial fibrillation is a contributory cause of death for around 93,000 Americans each year.  
    • Thirty-day mortality rates after stroke increase with age—from 9% in Medicare beneficiaries ages 65 to 74, to 13.1% in beneficiaries ages 74 to 84, to 23% in beneficiaries 85 and…  
    • Stroke was the third leasing cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 297 per 100,000 deaths.  
    • Heart disease was the leading cause of death for those over 65 in 2006 with 1,297 deaths per 100,000.  
    • Between 1981 and 2006, overall death rates among people over 65 dropped 21%, while the rate of deaths due to heart disease decreased by 50%.  
    • In 2005, about 1 in every 6 hospital stays in the US was due to cardiovascular disease.  
    • In 2006, cardiovascular disease was the underlying cause of death for 1 out of every 2.9 deaths in the US.  
    • Among Americans 45-64 years of age, heart and circulatory conditions were the second-leading cause of activity limitation.  
    • From 1988-1994 to 2003-2006, the use of statin drugs by Americans 45 years of age and older increased almost 10-fold, from 2% to 22%.  
    • 2005 Total Cardiovascular Disease Age-Adjusted Death Rates by State  
    • 2005 Coronary Heart Disease Age-Adjusted Death Rates by State  
    • 3.3% of patients admitted to a hospital for cardiovascular disease died in the hospital–significantly higher than the average in-hospital death rate of 2.1%.  
    • In 2004, 24.7% of nursing home residents 65 years of age and older had a primary diagnosis of cardiovascular disease when admitted. This was the highest disease category for these…  
    • Cardiovascular disease ranked highest among all disease categories in hospital discharges in 2005.  
    • The number of inpatient discharges from short-stay hospitals with cardiovascular disease as the first-listed diagnosis increased from about 6,107,000 to 6,161,000 from 1996 to 2006.  
    • 21% of American men and 24% of women age 40 years of age or older died 1 year after their first stroke in 2005.  
    • Within 1 year after their first myocardial infarction (heart attack): 18% of American men and 23% of women age 40 years of age or older will die.  
    • 16% of American men and 22% of women age 40-69 who have a first myocardial infarction (heart attack) will have a recurrent or fatal occurence of cardiovascular disease within 5…  
    • Americans who survive the acute stage of myocardial infarction have a chance of illness and death 1.5-15 times higher, depending on their sex and clinical outcome, than the general population.  
    • Close to 82% of Americans who die of cardiovascular disease are 65 years of age or older.  
    • In 2005, coronary heart disease caused about 1 of 5 deaths in the U.S.  
    • Close to 2400 Americans die of cardiovascular disease every day–1 death every 37 seconds.  
    • 2006 preliminary data show that cardiovascular disease accounted for 34.2% (1 in 2.9) of all deaths in the U.S. in 2006.  
    • Depression is approximately 3 times more common in patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction than in the general population.  
    • “Assessments conducted in the hospital indicate that 15% to 20% of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for major depression.”  
    • 2004 total cardiovascular disease age-adjusted death rates by state  
    • Cardiovascular disease mortality trends for males and females (U.S. 1979-2004)  
    • Cardiovascular disease and other major causes of death for all males and females  
    • According to the National Center for Health Statistics, the probability at birth of eventually dying from major cardiovascular disease is 47%.  
    • The number of ambulatory care visits to physician offices, hospital outpatient departments, and emergency departments for hypertension was 45.3 million for 2001-2002.  
    • In 2005, an estimated 103,000 inpatient endarterectomy procedures were performed in the U.S. Carotid endarterectomy is the most frequently performed surgical procedure to prevent stroke.  
    • From 1979 to 2005, the number of inpatient discharges from short-stay hospitals with stroke as the first listed diagnosis increased 20%, to 895,000.  
    • 50-70% of stroke survivors regain functional independence. However, 15-30% are permanently disabled and 20% require institutional care at 3 months after onset.  
    • The median survival time after a first stroke are: at 60-69 years of age–6.8 years for men and 7.4 years for women; at 70-79 years of age–5.4 years for men…  
    • Within 1 year of a first stroke, 21% of men and 24% of women 40 years of age and older, were dead.  
    • Within 5 years of a first stroke, 47% of men and 51% of women 40 years and older, were dead.  
    • Among those ages 45-64, 8-12% of ischemic strokes, and 37-38% of hemorrhagic strokes, result in death within 30 days.  
    • Those who have a transient ischemic attack have a 10-year stroke risk of 18.8% and a combined 10-year stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death risk of 42.8%.  
    • The percentage of persons with a first myocardial infarction who will have a stroke within 5 years is: 4% of men and 6% of women ages 40-69; and 6% of men…  
    • The percentage of persons with a first myocardial infarction who will have heart failure in 5 years is: 7% of men and 12% of women ages 40-69; and 22% of men…  
    • Of those who have a first myocardial infarction, 16% of men and 22% of women ages 40-69 have a recurrent myocardial infarction or fatal coronary heart disease within 5 years.  
    • People who survive the acute stage of a myocardial infarction have a chance of illness and death that is 1.5 to 15 times higher than the general population.  
    • People who have a myocardial infarction have a sudden death rate that is 4 to 6 times higher than the general population.  
    • Within 5 years of a first myocardial infarction, of those age 40 and older, 33% of men and 43% of women will die.  
    • Within one year of a first myocardial infarction 18% of men and 23% of women, 40 years and older, will die.  
    • On average, myocardial infarction causes an estimated 15 years of lost life.  
    • Around 83% of people who die from coronary heart disease are 65 years or older.  
    • Coronary heart disease was the cause of 1 out of 5 deaths in the U.S. in 2004.  
    • In 2005, an estimated 6,989,000 inpatient cardiovascular operations and procedures were performed in the U.S.; 4.1 million were performed on males, and 2.9 million were performed on females.  
    • In 2005, cardiovascular disease ranked highest among all disease categories in hospital discharges.  
    • From 1979 to 2005, the number of inpatient discharges from short-stay hospitals with cardiovascular disease as the first-listed diagnosis increased 26% to 6,159,000 discharges. In 2005, cardiovascular disease ranked highest…  
    • The annual incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in the U.S. is 0.55/1,000 people–around 166,200.  
    • Every year, cardiovascular disease claims more lives than cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases, accidents, and diabetes mellitus combined.  
    • Every year since 1900 (except 1918), cardiovascular disease accounted for more deaths than any other single or group of causes of death in the United States.  
    • Hospital discharges for heart failure rose from 400,000 in 1979 to 1,084,000 in 2005–an increase of 171%.  
    • An estimated 80.7 million American adults (1 in 3) have 1 or more types of cardiovascular disease. Of these, 38.2 million are estimated to be 60 years of age or…  
    • In 2004, stroke accounted for around 1 in 16 deaths in the U.S.  
    • When considered separately from cardiovascular disease, stroke is the 3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.  
    • Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the U.S.  
    • Approximately 1 in 3 adults has high blood pressure (HBP) which, if not properly diagnosed and treated, can lead to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, blindness, and kidney disease.  
    • Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart attack and stroke, remains the nation’s No. 1 killer of men and women, causing more than 36% of all deaths.  
    • In 2004, estimates of procedures performed for U.S. patients were: 1,285,000 inpatient angioplasty procedures; 427,000 inpatient bypass procedures; 1,471,000 inpatient diagnostic cardiac catheterizations; 68,000 inpatient implantable defibrillators; and 170,000 pacemaker…  
    • In 2004, stroke accounted for approximately 1 out of every 16 deaths in the U.S. Approximately 54% of stroke deaths in 2004 occurred out of the hospital.  
    • Heart failure incidence approaches 10 per 1,000 of the U.S. population after 65 years of age.  
    • The length of time to recover from a stroke depends on its severity. From 50% to 70% of stroke survivors regain functional independence, but 15% to 30% are permanently disabled,…  
    • For nonspecific chest pain, about 54.4% of hospital stays were for women 45 to 64 years of age. Women constituted 73.9% of nonspecific chest pain stays among patients 85 years of…  
    • For coronary atherosclerosis, 32.7% of hospital stays were for women among people 45 to 64 years of age; this figure increased to 60.7% of stays among those 85 years of…  
    • For myocardial infarction, 28.4% of hospital stays for people 45 to 64 years of age were for women, but 63.7% of stays for those 85 years of age were for…  
    • From 1979 to 2005, the number of inpatient discharges from short-stay hospitals with coronary heart disease as the first-listed diagnosis increased 5% to 1.8 million.  
    • In 2004, 1 in 8 death certificates (284,365 deaths) in the U.S. mentions heart failure.  
    • Preliminary data from 2005 indicate that stroke accounted for about 1 of every 17 deaths in the U.S. On average, every 40 seconds someone in the U.S. has a stroke.…  
    • About every 26 seconds, an American will have a coronary event, and about every minute someone will die from one.  
    • It is estimated that an additional 175,000 silent first myocardial infarctions occur each year.  
    • In 2008, an estimated 770,000 Americans will have a new coronary attack, and about 430,000 will have a recurrent attack.  
    • Coronary heart disease caused 1 of every 5 deaths in the United States in 2004. Coronary heart disease mortality was 451,326.  
    • In 2004, 32% of deaths from cardiovascular disease occurred before the age of 75 years, which is well before the average life expectancy of 77.9 years.  
    • Close to 2,400 Americans die of cardiovascular disease each day–an average of 1 death every 37 seconds.  
    • Preliminary mortality data from 2005 shows that cardiovascular disease accounted for 35.2% (861,826) of all deaths in 2005, or 1 of every 2.8 deaths in the US.  
    • In 2004, the overall death rate from cardiovascular disease was 288 per 100,000.  
    • High blood pressure decreases the life expectancy of men by 5.1 years and women by 4.9 years.  
    • Close to 1/3 of American adults with high blood pressure do not know they have it, which increases the risk of related complications and other diseases.  
    • Hypertension doubles a person’s risk of stroke.  
    • 1/2 of those who survive a heart attack are readmitted to the hospital within 1 year of the event.  
    • A personal history of cardiovascular disease was found to raise an individuals risk of Alzheimer’s disease by 30%, compared with those without such a history.  
    • Percentage Change in Age-Adjusted Death Rates From Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) And Other Causes Since 1950, United States, 1950-2002  
    • Hypertension and heart failure are the 2 most common cardiovascular reasons for physician visits in older adults. Heart failure is a major cause of chronic disability, inability to exercise, decreased…  
    • Results from the Framingham study showed a 3 to 4-fold risk of coronary artery disease in patients ages 65-94 with elevated systolic pressures, compared to those with lower systolic pressures.  
    • The most common cause of hospitalization and rehospitalization in Americans age 65 and older is congestive heart failure.  
    • Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in Americans age 65 and older.  
    • From 1996 to 2004, the number of cardiac surgeries per 1,000 Medicare beneficiaries grew 22%, and growth is expected to continue.  
    • The prognosis for patients with heart failure is worse than with most forms of cancer, and median survival rates are less than 5 years.  
    • Among adults 45 and older, between 2002 and 2003 there were over 1/2 a million hospital discharges with at least 1 coronary stent insertion procedure performed.  
    • A study of ischemic stroke survivors who were at least 65-years-old found that at 6 months post-stroke 50% had some one-sided paralysis, 30% were unable to walk without some assistance,…  
    • Only 2.7% of 65-year-olds who have experienced a stroke are free of comorbidities and physical limitations–66.4% have 3 or more.  
    • 20% of stroke survivors require institutional care within 3 months after onset and 15% to 30% are permanently disabled.  
    • 71.5% of 65-year-olds with coronary heart disease have 3 or more comorbidities and physical limitations–only 3.8% have none.  
    • 10 million Americans are disabled as a result of stroke and heart disease.  
    • Total Deaths And Age-Adjusted Death Rates (Per 100,000 Population) For The Fifteen Leading Causes Of Death In The Total U.S. Population, 2003  
    • Medicare data show that the number of coronary artery bypass graft procedures increased from 158,000 in 1992 to a peak of 190,000 in 1996 and then fell to 152,000 in…  
    • Lifetime risk of developing hypertension is estimated at 90% for people with normal blood pressures at age 55 or 65 and who live to age 80 to 85, respectively.  
    • From 1979 to 2003, total inpatient operations and procedures for cardiovascular disease increased 470%, and the number of cardiac catherizations alone increased 373%.  
    • Close to 45% of deaths from cardiovascular disease are caused by ischemic or coronary heart disease.  
    • Heart disease and stroke caused more deaths in 2003 than the other 15 leading causes of death combined, not including cancer.  
    • Cardiovascular disease caused 34.4% of the 2.4 million deaths in the U.S in 2003.  
    • Approximately 350,000 sudden cardiac deaths occur in the United States each year.  
    • The leading cause of death in 2004 for Americans age 65 and older was heart disease.  
    • 5.5 million Americans have survived a stroke, but live with its impact every day.  
    • 2/3 of women who have a heart attack do not fully recover.  
    • 23% of women will die within 1 year after having a heart attack.””  
    • 1 in 4 American women will die of heart disease.  
    • “…CVD has held the rank of number-one killer in the United States every year since 1900 (except for 1918, thanks to pandemic flu) and now hold the title ‘world’s greatest…  
    • Between 2002 and 2003, heart or other circulatory conditions caused activity limitations for 101.9 of every 1,000 people between the ages of 65 and 74; for 162.6 of every 1,000…  
    • Approximately 66% of heart attack patients do not make a complete recovery.  
    • More than 6 million hospitalizations a year are due to cardiovascular disease.